Common diseases in babies in the winter and how to avoid PI.

In the winter the child’s resistance still should be very sensitive to the weather. Therefore utmost caution parents and measures to prevent the disease to the baby. 1. Influenza is a respiratory disease that small children, especially in the cold season. Children often suffer from flu 6-7 times a year, in about 10-15% of children with the flu more than 12 times per year. In the first year go kindergarten, children have higher disease frequencies 50% compared with the child care at home. This is a bacterial respiratory disease, the virus that causes the disease, is very easy to spread. The first symptoms of a cold are usually itchy throat, runny nose, nasal congestion and sneezing, swelling of the throat, then coughs, headaches, mild fever, muscle aches, fatigue, and anorexia. Water your baby’s nose will switch from liquid to quánh characteristics and be yellow or green.

Parents take note:
-should the Mother to baby eating foods rich in protein such as chicken, egg preparations from the beans. Babies need to eat more vegetables and fruits to supplement the vitamins needed for the body. Absolutely not for children to eat cold.

-When the kids are sick body takes a lot of water so the additional amount of water needs to be replaced. In addition to drinking water can drinking for more types of juice, fresh milk to increase resistance and nutrition for children.

 

Common diseases in babies in the winter and how to avoid PI

Common diseases in babies in the winter and how to avoid PI.

-Small nose with saline for nasal hygiene and help the throat children, reduce the symptoms of nasal congestion to children have better sleep. Can apply the little bit of eucalyptus oil onto the chest and young backs to help keep the body warm, reduce a cough and nasal congestion. Also, can do with sauna for the child.

-The need to always keep baby warm when the weather changes (especially the new baby born), is the most important locations such as the feet, hands, chest, neck, head.

-Enhance nutrition and vitamin C, for the baby to drink fully in the fall to help with the resistance. With a little over 6 months of age, can the flu vaccination for babies each year.

Mumps.
The disease is usually in the spring and winter when the weather begins to turn cold, especially the time year. Disease appear in the crowded places, such as kindergarten, school, dormitory, collective area … The disease is spread primarily through the respiratory tract infection by saliva when sick people talking, coughing or sneezing. Common diseases in children ages 5-14.

About symptoms, after the incubation period from 15 to 21 days, viruses develop in the lining of the mouth, then penetrate into the blood which causes inflammation of the body. Inflammation of the Parotid gland is probably the most typical. Older fever 38-39oC, headaches, fatigue, poor sleep-eating; inflammation and swelling of the parotid glands, the skin bulging, no redness, pain, dry mouth and difficulty swallowing.

With the case of mumps is caused by germs, she embodies the high fever, vomiting, headaches, or swollen genitals to need hospital treatment as soon as possible. If not treated early, little can happen some complications such as encephalitis inflammation of the meninges, testes, ovaries. Testicular inflammation can lead to testicular atrophy and a few of which are likely to lead to infertility.

Parents should note:
-Nutrition: usually the baby is mumps eating very difficult, need to choose soft foods, easy to swallow, many nutrients to increase body resistance.

-If the child is fever or pain, too young for the pill can reduce fevers.

-For the child to drink plenty of water

-Do not let the child out to avoid the wind, so keep children indoors until the swelling has reduced signs. The affected child to school, not for the public play area as this may spread the disease to other people.

-Personal hygiene and cleansing antiseptic secreted fluids, avoid arbitrarily obliterate or up, spray the folk medicines in Parotid gland to prevent intoxication.

Diarrhea.
Diarrhea is also one of the common diseases in winter in the child. Diarrhea via forests are one of the common diseases of children in winter. The disease caused by rotavirus causes and usually only lasts for three to seven days. The disease is common in young children, especially children in ages from 3 to 24 months.

Children with diarrhea often will vomit before, after about 1-2 days, then started to come apart. Complications of the disease are water loss, lost too many easy salts leads to circuit failure, even death if not timely water clearing.

Parents should note:
-Clearing of water: children with diarrhea will lose water. The body of water shortages will lead to electrolyte disturbances that cause many serious complications. Thus the need for children to drink more water than normal to prevent dehydration caused by diarrhea.

-Children with diarrhea usually anorexia due to tired body, so parents need to pay attention and processing of the food in the form of loose, soft like soups, congee porridge-like chicken, lean pork cooked with carrots, … and to be patient for slow food, eat smaller meals if nausea, vomiting, the distance between the meal about 2 hours.

-Not for children taking drugs “hold” diarrhea, or Eat guava leaves, pink blue, Siamese … the waste easy stagnant again lead to gastrointestinal disease and weighed more.

Rhinitis.
rhinitis in children appears after that young child infected with nasty cold, stuffy nose and difficulty breathing. The disease is common in young children aged between 6 months and 7-8 years old. This is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa and nasal and throat areas because immunity in children is poor so very ill.

When children breathe air from the outside into the lungs, providing oxygen to the body and also the causative agent to follow. If not the cure, the recurrent disease leads to complications such as pneumonia, ear infections, acute otitis media, acute sinusitis …

Children often have a fever and appear suddenly if mild, only 37, 5 ° C if superinfection occurs during a high fever can be 39 – 40C, for 2-3 days. Also children irritability, fussiness, loss of appetite, sometimes vomiting, diarrhea … A stuffy runny nose with nasal mucus or pus in and coughing. The expression if lasting over 7 days to take precautions with the complications of rhinitis.

Parents should note:
– When children with rhinitis, the nasal daily need for children by 0.9% saline solution, day 3-4 times until all runny children, teach your children how to blow your nose true.

– Offer nutritious meat, fish, eggs, beans, cooked vegetables … help children quickly recover. – If your child has a fever above 38C, to reduce fever by means of wiping cool and antipyretic medication as directed by your physician. Wipe with a towel dipped cool warm water (by the child’s body temperature) squeeze, wiping around young people.

Inflammation of the bronchioles.
bronchiolitis is an acute respiratory disease, very common in young children due to inflammation of the small airways of the rule (also called bronchioles). The disease first appeared in the second year, with the highest frequency at 6 months, and in many places, the disease is one of the reasons often do children were hospitalized.

It occurs throughout the year, the highest in the winter and early spring. If the disease is detected and treated early, will give good results, severe cases can cause respiratory failure, death.

Initial symptoms prevalent are young condition cough, runny nose, high fever, or both. Children may appear the day a prolonged cough, especially in the middle of the night or near dawn. Meanwhile, children are wheezing or shortness of breath, even stopped breathing, poor feeding, or vomiting. Normally, children will wheeze lasts about 7 days and then tapered off completely.

Parents need to be noted:

– Need for children to drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration and thinning phlegm.

Maybe nasal saline drops 2-3 then clean nose for children – Children with severe signs such as difficulty breathing, poor feeding, cyanosis … or have risk factors such as infants under 3 months of age, prematurity, congenital pulmonary heart disease, immunocompromised children, the need to be hospitalized.

– To prevent disease effectively, mothers give breastfeeding up to 2 years old, not to children with cold, keep the living environment of the child is healthy, not for infants exposed to smoky charcoal, smoke, pathogens.

– Parents should be the body hygiene, especially in areas where the ear, nose, and throat for children every day.

To prevent the common diseases and winter children, parents need childcare more attentive, to avoid cold, warm and cold, especially when the afternoon breeze. Need food hygiene and regular dental infants to prevent infection.

conjunctivitis.
Also called pinkeye, when sick children often show signs of redness, bulging, watery, yellow, rust eyes there. The disease spreads quickly when they come into contact with dirt on hands, clothes, towels.

For this disease, the mother should pay attention eyewash and proper sanitation for children, should wash with antibacterial drugs, personal hygiene and cleanliness, if patients have severe changes should take the child to the health facility to advice.

Sick feet, hands, mouth.
viral disease causing itching; the blisters in the hand, foot, and mouth transformed into a high fever, runny nose and sore throat.

When they are sick you should not be limited impact on the blister until completely dry. Teething gel will soothe the sores in the mouth. Wash hands thoroughly after contact with the blisters.

Ear infections 8.

Children with ear infections great angry expression, fussy, high body temperature, aqueous ear. Suffering repeated ear infections will lead to the phenomenon of young ears stick and make temporary deafness. So you must pay attention to dry baby ear hygiene. For children over 3 months of age if the child has fever give paracetamol.