The cause of the disease mumps:
Mumps diseases caused by a virus in the Paramyxoviridae is an acute infectious disease. People with mumps will have the manifestations of the disease are fever, pain, and swelling of one or more salivary glands, usually encountered in the parotid salivary gland, can sometimes be inflammation in sublingual salivary gland or glands under the jaw. The disease usually appears more in the spring and summer of the year, however, the disease can occur year round, even in the fall and winter. The disease usually develops into a room in the collective gathering areas such as the kindergarten, school, residential.
Mumps is a mild disease but if the disease is not detected early and the treatment measures are timely, properly can cause dangerous complications: encephalitis, meningitis, especially the most dangerous is the disease can be acute swelling of the testicles, is usually inflammation of a party , going from 20%-30% in those diseases as men of mature age.
The way of transmission of mumps:
Mumps because viruses cause disease, highly contagious infection when in direct contact with the patient, through the respiratory tract and eating sugar, through saliva droplets when patients say, coughing or sneezing. Common diseases in young children, both older children, and adolescent age group do not yet have the mumps immunity, adults can also suffer but the rate is lower. Time spread is from 6 days before and up to 2 weeks after the symptoms of the disease.
The symptoms of mumps:
When infected with the mumps virus, most patients will feel uncomfortable from 1 to 2 days before the symptoms appear. The patient may suffer from high fever (39° C – 40° C) range from 3 days to 4 days, there are signs that flow of saliva, swelling of the parotid region, most recognizable signs of swollen cheek is to, on the one side and face swelling may spread to the other party or swell of the two sides at the same time. However, there have been about 25% of people infected with the mumps virus that does not appear on the pathological symptoms, those that have the ability to transmit a disease to those around them that knowledge will lead to subjective, no preventative measures, the disease can spread into the room.
Mumps in adults is often heavy and can cause many more complications in children if not detected early and treated promptly, properly can lead to complications: testicular Inflammation, inflammation of the epididymis testicle, lung inflammation, infarction, pancreatitis, ovarian nerve damage. Especially in pregnant women during the first 3 months of pregnancy, when the mother suffers the disease mumps can lead to miscarriage complications or birth deformities, in the last 3 months of pregnancy, the mother can become pregnant premature birth or abortion, death in the womb.
How to treat and care for people infected with mumps:
For those with the disease when the disease mumps requires medical institutions to be examined and treated properly. Need rest, oral care, liquid food, easy to digest and more nutrients to increase body resistance. In a case of inflammation of the testicles, you should upgrade the underwear to reduce soreness. Attention to personal hygiene and cleansing the fluid of sick people. One other thing is not to obliterate or up the folk medicine such as lime, chewing betel. in the Parotid gland to avoid intoxication. To the prevention of contagious diseases in the community and prevent the outbreak of the epidemic, the need for patients to stay home, limit contact with relatives, if contact should wear a facemask.
Mumps can be prevented only by the mumps vaccine. Can injections for children over 1 year of age, particularly post-pubescent youth. This safe vaccine does not cause fever high protection capability.